By Professor (Chair) Randy J Lapolla, Chenglong Huang
This ebook is a whole reference grammar of Qiang, one of many minority languages of southwest China, spoken by means of approximately 70,000 Qiang and Tibetan humans in Aba Tibetan and Qiang self sustaining Prefecture in northern Sichuan Province. It belongs to the Qiangic department of Tibeto-Burman (one of the 2 significant branches of Sino-Tibetan). The dialect offered within the e-book is the Northern Qiang kind spoken in Ronghong Village, Yadu Township, Chibusu District, Mao County. This ebook, the 1st book-length description of the Qiang language in English, is the results of a long time of labor at the language, and is as typologically complete as attainable. It comprises not just the reference grammar, but additionally an ethnological assessment, a number of absolutely analyzed texts (mostly conventional stories), and an annotated word list. The language is verb ultimate, agglutinative (prefixing and suffixing), and has either head-marking and established marking morphology. The phonology of Qiang is sort of advanced, with 39 consonants at seven issues of articulation, plus advanced consonant clusters, either in preliminary and ultimate place, in addition to vowel concord, vowel size differences, and a suite of retroflexed vowels. The grammar additionally
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Extra resources for A Grammar of Qiang: With Annotated Texts and Glossary (Mouton Grammar Library)
C. d. 13) a. pies + qhua Æcutﬂ + -s piesqhuas Æclothingﬂ + jeji Æsewﬂ + -s b. få fåjejis + bie Æcarryﬂ + -s c. t˚ymi Æchildﬂ t˚ymi bies Æmeatﬂ > Æchopping knifeﬂ > Æneedle & threadﬂ > Æbaby strapﬂ The nominalizing suffix /-m/ (< /mi/ Æmanﬂ) is added to a verb or noun + verb combination to form an agentive noun (this term from Comrie & Thompson 1985), that is, one which refers to an animate being, generally a person (Æone who . 14) a. Ùua b. t˚iÙuå Æhouseﬂ + le Æexistﬂ + -m > t˚iÙuålem Æoccupantﬂ NEG + q˙ Æhaveﬂ + -m > maq˙m Æpauperﬂ c.
Tse Æthisﬂ + å Æoneﬂ + p˙ Æyearﬂ > ts˙p Æthis yearﬂ b. the Æthatﬂ + å Æoneﬂ + s˙ Ædayﬂ > thås Æthat dayﬂ 42 The noun phrase c. 8) a. t˚ile s˙t®huån mi 1pl Sichuan people Æwe/us Sichuan peopleﬂ b. devil demi s˙-l . . (T6:298-300) (name) DIR-look ÆThe emperor and his wife, the man-eating devil Demi, looked . . g. [upu-≈umt®i] ÆUncle Xumt®iﬂ. Noun phrases can be omitted if they are recoverable from the context. 4). 2, below for something of an exception to this statement). 1. The noun The noun in Qiang may be defined as a free form that can be followed by an (in)definite marker26 and a numeral-classifier phrase or number marking, and is generally not predicative without the use of a copula.
Most Qiang-made utensils were of wood, stone or iron. There were specialists in metalworking. Nowadays most such items are bought from outside the Qiang area. 4. Previous work on Qiang Fieldwork on Qiang and initial analysis was first carried out by Wen Yu in the late 1930’s (Wen 1940, 1941, 1943a, 1943b, 1943c, 1945). Wen also did some initial comparisons and historical work on the language (1943b, 1947), and published two vocabularies of Qiang (1950, 1951). Chang Kun (1967) used Wen’s data for a comparative study of the southern Qiang dialects, and attempted to reconstruct the protolanguage.