A History of Drug Use in Sport: 1876-1976: Beyond Good and by Paul Dimeo

By Paul Dimeo

This e-book bargains a brand new background of drug use in game. It argues that the belief of doping up to augment functionality has no longer continually been the hindrance or ‘evil’ we now imagine it really is. in its place, the late nineteenth century used to be a time of a few experimentation and innovation mostly unhindered by way of speak of dishonest or health and wellbeing dangers. by way of the interwar interval, experiments have been modernised within the new laboratories of workout physiologists. nonetheless there has been little or no experience that this was once opposite to the ethics or spirit of activity. activities, medicines and technological know-how have been heavily associated for over part a century. the second one international War provided the impetus for either elevated use of gear and the emergence of an anti-doping reaction. through the tip of the Fifties a brand new framework of ethics was once being imposed at the medicinal drugs query that developed doping in hugely emotive phrases as an ‘evil’. along this emerged the technology and procedural paperwork of checking out. The years as much as 1976 laid the rules for 4 a long time of anti-doping. This e-book deals a close and important knowing of who used to be concerned, what they have been attempting to in achieving, why they set approximately this job and the context during which they labored. by means of doing so, it reconsiders the vintage dichotomy of ‘good anti-doping’ up opposed to ‘evil doping’. Winner of the 2007 Lord Aberdare Literary Prize for the easiest booklet in British activities background.

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Extra resources for A History of Drug Use in Sport: 1876-1976: Beyond Good and Evil

Example text

One substance of interest was the coca leaf from South America, the naturally occurring plant from which cocaine would be derived in the 1860s. Anthropologists had described how indigenous people used coca to relieve fatigue and these findings were published in prominent European books and journals. The Italian scientist Dr Mantegazza made one of the first experimental studies in 1859 in which he explained that the leaf provided a ‘strong tendency to muscular action, great vigour of mind, succeeded by a state of pleasing [and] imaginative calm’ (cited in Christison 1876: 528).

New York Times, 1 December 1895) It was around the mid 1890s that one of the most public debates on doping took place. The cycling fraternity in England voiced criticism of the psychological trick devised by trainer ‘Choppy’ Warburton in which he gave his riders a drink of unknown properties in such a cloak-and-dagger manner as to suggest it contained something ‘special’. Crowds of spectators accused his protégé James Michael of taking ‘dope’ during an 1896 race when he was seen taking a mouthful from Warburton’s secret bottle.

Just one might be the emergence of the fanatical and at times violent rivalry between supporters of the main Glasgow 18 A history of drug use in sport football clubs, Rangers and Celtic. Importantly, some sports such as cycling were professional and modernised from their origins. It is tempting to suggest that drugs were a fringe element in sport, that it was the less noble participants who sullied the idealised image of sport with their skulduggery, or that drugs represented the cynical side of professional, careeroriented sport.

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