A To Z 0f Marine Scientists (Notable Scientists) by Barbara Charton

By Barbara Charton

A complete, single-volume A-to-Z reference, A to Z of Marine Scientists profiles nearly a hundred and forty scientists who've contributed considerably to the sector of marine technology. Emphasizing the scientists' contributions to the sphere in addition to their results on scientists in marine technology and similar fields who undefined, A to Z of Marine Scientists will lead scholars and library clients in the course of the very important and interesting facets of the lives of these profiled whereas exposing readers to the background of many very important medical and technological options.

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His almost 400 publications were compiled as part of a memoir published by the National Academy of Sciences after Bowie’s death on August 28, 1940. Several universities in the United States and abroad awarded Bowie honors, and he also received recognition from the National Academy of Science, and other academies of science abroad. Bowie was instrumental in forming the International Geodetic Association after World War I and in the creation of international organizations for geodesy and geophysics.

Mendeleev arranged the then-known elements into a comprehensive chemical chart that included gaps for those elements still undiscovered. Cleve devoted his last 15 years to botany. Starting his studies with freshwater algae, he soon became an expert on diatoms. Applying careful methodology to the study of these marine diatoms, he arranged them in a systematic chronological sequence. This sequence is used to demonstrate movements of ocean currents both present and ancient. It is also essential information used in petroleum geology because certain diatom deposits characterize oil-bearing rock.

Chappe’s work was never published independently, but was appended to Ferdinand Berthoud’s work, “Traite des horloges marines” (Treatise on marine clocks) that was published in 1773. Berthoud built the chronometer that Chappe tested on his Pacific voyage. This seagoing clock worked well and was used for the excellent prediction of lunar and solar events. It was one of the many useful additions to the growing number of tools available for marine exploration and accurate navigation. ᨳ Charcot, Jean-Baptiste (1867–1936) French Explorer Jean-Baptiste-Étienne-Auguste Charcot took part in the exploration of the polar regions and, like ALBERT I of Monaco, whom he admired and emulated, was an enthusiast and source of funding for scientists.

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