By Daphne Kerremans
This ebook offers the 1st large-scale usage-based research of the conventionalization technique of English neologisms within the on-line speech neighborhood. The research solutions the longstanding query of the way and why a few neologisms turn into a part of the English lexicon and others don't. It strings jointly findings and assumptions from lexicological, sociolinguistic and cognitive examine and vitamins the prevailing theories with novel data-driven insights. For this objective a webcrawler was once constructed, which extracted the occurrences of the neologisms into consideration from the web in per month durations. The e-book indicates that different classes conventionalization techniques may possibly take consequence from the interaction among speaker-based sociopragmatic accommodation-induced features and elements facilitating cognitive processing of novel linguistic fabric.
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Extra info for A Web of New Words: A Corpus-Based Study of the Conventionalization Process of English Neologisms
Schmid claims that “the nouns carve an apparently neatly bounded segment from the constant flux of events going on in the world […]” (2008: 8). Unlike for concrete nouns, the concepts represented by event/action and abstract nouns will not have been naturally perceived as a distinct category prior to their linguistic realization. Speakers might have known about the existence of these events or ideas, but it remains doubtful whether they have thought of them as one holistic conceptual gestalt that is recurrently automatically activated.
Since not every novel coinage is semantically ambiguous, for instance, its meaning might already be evident without the necessary contextual and cotextual anchoring typical for the creation stage. Similarly, particularly with highly frequent and salient lexemes, the transition from creation to consolidation phase in the institutionalization process cannot always be empirically attested. When Scott, the hygienic household necessities manufacturer, released tube-free toilet paper in October 2010, the phrase experienced a sudden and speedy diffusion into the speech community.
Id=m-3576. 38 Example from Lipka et al. 2004: 11. 39 In the OEC, a total of 169 occurrences were found, 61 of them in sources from 2000. If the unclassified tokens are discounted (44), the tokens from 2000 account for almost 50% of the word’s occurrence between 2000 and 2010. 40 In the second revised and translated edition of his 2005 textbook, Schmid abandons the hypostatization effect and incorporates it into the entrenchment aspect. Since these two terms describe different but interrelated effects, I retain the distinct terms.