Access for All: Approaches to the Built Environment by Wolfgang Christ

By Wolfgang Christ

Entry and accessibility are vital issues in structure and urbanism. The aim is to make structures obtainable either horizontally and vertically, in addition to to supply them with technical infrastructure. however the objective can also be to make sure the accessibility of complete streets, routes, parks, and squares, or even complete towns and areas. at the present time, entry is a key suggestion within the such a lot disparate parts of lifestyles. hence, it's also an issue of entry to wisdom and schooling, entry to wisdom media just like the web, entry to healthcare, entry to languages, and so on. In 13 articles, this booklet bargains with this international of entry in structure, urban making plans, and neighboring fields. issues contain making sure the accessibility of whole city parts, renewing that of parts that have been formerly applied another way, together with the overall population in proposal making plans, and the way structure may also help offer entry to a greater caliber of existence.

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Other common design issues, such as "over-elevated" buildings where capacity is planned for rush-hour conditions - can be avoided by the simple expedient of including the mobility provider in discussions during the early design phase. In Schindler's experience, including engineers in the design process not only leads to an optimal configuration of elevators and escalators for a building, it also confers distinct benefits during the planning and construction phaseTypical examples are fewer shafts for the same or higher levels of traffic (in large buildings' elevator shafts can take up prodigious amounts of space); and more versatile design options for elevator lobbies.

This leads to paradoxical outcomes - buildings with elevator s for wheelchair users which can only be accessed from the outside by stairs; plush hotels whose 36 Jonas Hughes Architects must concentrate on designingthe city ratherthan individual buildings. Megamobility - Technology for the individual in the urbanised world suites are located at the end of a long ride in a crowded elevator; crowded hospital lobbies where half of the elevators stand empty in case they are needed by staff or patients.

The significance of this change is not to be underestimated. At a stroke, the public transport network for a "neighbourhood" of 20,000 people becomes the responsibility of the building man- 38 Jonas Hughes agement, which is directly accountable to residents and business tenants in a binding commercial relationship. This relationship extends to all "public" services within the structure. The implications are equally significant for urban planning and design. Instead of designing a building, the architect must create a small city, complete with systems that combine mobility and access with varying levels of security, depending on the status of the person concerned - resident, office worker, hotel guest, delivery person, or visitor.

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