By Mohammed Yousaf
How did the horrendous scenario in Afghanistan, with all its implications for fresh occasions and the current time, come to cross? What used to be the position of the CIA and Pakistani intelligence within the production of what turned the Taliban? What are the results for the long run and classes from the prior for American forces today?
This hugely debatable booklet unearths one of many maximum army, political and fiscal secrets and techniques of modern instances. it really is not anything lower than the real, if very good, account of ways Pakistan and the us covertly managed the biggest guerrilla warfare of the 20 th Century, dealing to the Soviet Russian presence in Afghanistan an army defeat that has turn out to be referred to as 'Russia's Vietnam'.
This compelling publication, prepare with nice ability through the army writer, Mark Adkin, is vital studying for someone drawn to the reality at the back of the Soviets' Vietnam, and the explanations why, to at the present time, the battle in Afghanistan nonetheless drags on regardless of the victory that the Mujahideen have been denied while the Soviets withdrew. ?
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Extra info for Afghanistan: The Bear Trap: The Defeat of a Superpower
The maximum distance travelled by any unit was 25 kilometres, but by nightfall on the 26th the battalions had merely positioned themselves astride the highway exits to each valley. The Mujahideen in the area were well aware of what was happening. On the following day the bombing started. Fighter bombers from nearby Bagram screamed up the valleys. Their targets were the people and houses below them The Air attacks, with the crash of 5001b bombs and palls of black smoke, were Intended to kill indiscriminately, to terrify, to destroy houses and, supposedly, entrap any Mujahideen who might be in the valleys On the 28th more bombers pounded the mountainsides and valley floor as the ground forces began pushing up towards Shakadara, Farza and Istalef, each of Which was shelled and rocketed by gunships to supplement the air strikes Not surprisingly, little was left when the Soviet troops arrived–some dead and injured civilians, piles of rubble, a few old men, women and Children who had survived by cowering under rocks.
Drastically to enlarge the strength of the occupying troops would be asking too much. In practical terms such an increase would have needed a much improved supply line from the north to Kabul, and one that was not subject to frequent attacks. The Salang Highway could not meet these requirements. All this was of some encouragement to me. If the enemy was fully committed militarily, then I knew exactly what we were up against; if there was unlikely to be massive reinforcement, I surmised the Soviets might have no trumps in their hand.
For money the Soviet soldier would sell anything, including weapons and ammunition, despite draconian punishments if the offender was caught. It was hardly surprising, therefore, that these conscripts were reluctant warriors. Often they were loath to quit the comparative security of their bases, or to dismount from behind armour plate in the field. Their preferred tactics seemed to be to leave the fighting to the Afghan Army, make maximum use of firepower, both ground and air, and stick to the roads as much as possible, only venturing out on foot when the area had been thoroughly strafed and pounded by shells, bombs and rockets.