African Political Systems by Meyer Fortes

By Meyer Fortes

AFRICAN POLITICAL structures via Fortes, Meyer CONTENTS: EDITORS' notice. PREFACE. Professor A. R. Radcliffe-Brown, M.A. (Cantab.), Emeritus Professor of Social Anthropology within the collage of Oxford advent. Dr. M. Fortes and Professor E. E. Evans-Pntchard goals of this publication. A consultant pattern of African. Societies. Political Philosophy and Comparative Politics. the 2 sorts of Political process Studied. Kinship in Political association. The impression of Demography. The impact of Mode of Livelihood. Composite Political structures and the Conquest thought. The Territorial point. The stability of Forces within the Political process, The occurrence and serve as of Organised strength. alterations in accordance with eu Rule. the magical Values linked to Political place of work. the matter of the boundaries of the Political crew. the dominion OF THE ZULU OF SOUTH AFRICA. Max Gluckman. B.A. (How.) (Witwatersrand), D.Phil. (Oxon). Professor of Social Anthropology within the college of Manchester historic creation. The Zulu King and the nation. prestige and Political energy. The Tribes in the kingdom, Sanctions on Authority and the steadiness of the country. the folk and their Leaders. The interval of ecu Rule. end. THE POLITICAL association OF THE NGWATO OF BECHUANALAND PROTECTORATE. /. Schapera, M.A, (Cape town), Ph.D., D.Sc.(London), F.R.S.S.Af. Professor of Social Anthropology within the collage of Cape toton Ethnic Composition and Territorial structure. the executive procedure. Powers and Authority of the manager. Rights and obligations of Chieftainship. THE POLITICAL procedure OF THE BEMBA TRIBE NORTHEASTERN RHODESIA. Audrey I. Richards, M.A«(Cantab\ Ph.D.(London). Reader in Social Anthropology on the London college of Economics and Political technological know-how, collage of London 83Bantu Political association a few basic positive aspects The Bemba Tribe: Tribal Composition Social Grouping Kinship neighborhood Grouping Rank different rules of Social Grouping fiscal historical past White management. Bases of Authority: The Dogma of Descent criminal principles of Descent and Succession. capabilities and Prerogatives of Authority: The Headman the executive. The equipment of presidency: Administrative army Judicial Advisory, the combination of the Tribe. Post-European alterations: New gurus brought results of the 1929 Ordinances. the dominion OF ANKOLE IN UGANDA okay. Oberg, A.M., Ph.D.(Chicago)t Escola Livre de Sociologia e Politica, SSo Paulo, Brazil conventional and old history. Political prestige, the King and the Royal Kraal. Tribute. The Cult of Bagyendanwa. Succession. end.

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Kinship in Political Organization One of the outstanding differences between the two groups the part played by the lineage system in political structure. is We must here distinguish between the set of relationships linking the individual to other persons and to particular social units through the transient, bilateral family, which we shall call the kinship system, and the segmentary system of permanent, unilateral descent groups, which we call the lineage system. Only the latter establishes corporate units with political functions.

We can sum up this analysis by saying that the material interests that actuate individuals or groups in an African society operate in the frame of a body of interconnected moral and legal norms the order and stability of which is maintained by the political INTRODUCTION organization. Africans, as 21 we have pointed out, do not analyse it. They think and feel about it in their social system; they live terms of values which reflect, in doctrine and symbol, but do not explain, the forces that really control their social behaviour.

Is Mpande. a sketch of the territorial organization of the It is : , AFRICAN POLITICAL SYSTEMS 28 passed from Britain to Natal and in 1910 to the Union of South Africa. //. ^ Pockets of clansmen were, however, still to be found in various parts. The important kinship groups which were the basis of social organization were still formed by the inhabitants of separate homesteads. At the head of a homestead was the senior male by descent of the group. Nearby there might be found homesteads of men of the same clan and they all acknowledged the A (Some heir of their senior line (the lineage-head) as their head.

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