Amiens 1918: The Black Day of the German Army by Alistair McCluskey

By Alistair McCluskey

During the spring of 1918 of global conflict I (1914-1918), Germany have been at the offensive at the Western entrance yet had did not holiday the Allies at any aspect. In July that they had been pressured again from the river Marne and have been once more at the shielding. The Allies have been now able to elevate the strain. The Amiens region was once chosen and arrangements have been made in nice secrecy with diversionary task at different issues at the line. 32 divisions have been concerned (twelve French, 8 British, 5 Australian, 4 Canadian and one American) supported by way of over 500 tanks and overwhelming airpower. the 1st day observed an Allied develop of five miles throughout a 12-mile entrance, with over 27,000 German casualties. development was once then much less fabulous yet by the point the conflict ended on August eleven Germany had misplaced 75,000 males, and suffered a serious blow to morale. Amiens used to be awesome for its winning program of the hot combined-arms strategies, absolutely integrating infantry, artillery, armor and airpower on the graduation of the Allies' ultimate, war-winning offensive.

Published at the ninetieth anniversary of the conflict, this e-book units the strategic scene and obviously describes the struggling with, highlighting the importance of the newly constructed equipment of struggle and detailing the troop events that led to the step forward and quick increase that used to be completed.

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Despite the near annihilation of its divisions south of the Somme, the defence of the Chipilly Spur by XI Corps exposed the left flank of the Australian Corps and prevented Monash from exploiting his success. 62miles xxx XI C8:I KOHNE GERMAN FORCES 13th Division A 1/13th Infantry Regiment B III/15th Infantry Regiment C 1/55th Infantry Regiment 41 st Division o 1I/152nd Infantry Regiment 43rd Reserve Division E 11201 st Reserve Infantry Regiment F 1/202nd Reserve Infantry Regiment G 1I/203rd Reserve Infantry Regiment 10Bth Division H 3 and 4/97th Infantry Regiment I II/97th Infantry Regiment J 1I1/137th Infantry Regiment K 13th Field Artillery Regiment L 137th Field Artillery Regiment M 243rd Field Artillery Regiment 51 German transport destroyed at Framerville by the 17th Armoured Car Battalion.

IWM Q 6912) Malard Wood, whilst the 2/10th Londons cleared Sailly-Laurette. Despite the mist preventing the tanks from following the infantry closely, the Londons quickly infiltrated and overran the forward positions of the 265th Reserve Infantry Regiment, and by 0800hrs the first objective on the eastern side of Malard Wood had been reached. The assault of the 2/10th Londons caught the 201st Reserve Infantry Regiment of the 43rd Reserve Division as the 137th Infantry Regiment of the 108th Division was relieving it.

At this point the attack of XXXI Corps began to lose momentum as the 42nd and 153rd divisions attempted to disentangle themselves, bring forward their artillery and secure their respective objectives of Fresnoy-en-Chaussee and Hangest. Leading elements of the 153rd Division continued to advance on Hangest but at 1400hrs machine-gun fire halted them 300m to the west of Fresnoy, where they were joined at around 1530hrs by the 42nd Division. Their supporting artillery batteries had occupied their new positions between Villers-aux-Erables and Mezieres by 1400hrs; however, due to the inability to deliver ammunition to them, their rate of fire was greatly reduced to conserve their stocks.

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