Animals as Food: (Re)connecting Production, Processing, by Amy J. Fitzgerald

By Amy J. Fitzgerald

On a daily basis, hundreds of thousands of individuals world wide take a seat to a meal that incorporates meat. This booklet explores numerous questions because it examines using animals as meals: How did the domestication and construction of farm animals animals emerge and why? How did present modes of elevating and slaughtering animals for human intake enhance, and what are their results? What will be performed to mitigate or even opposite the affects of animal construction? With perception into the old, cultural, political, criminal, and financial procedures that form our use of animals as nutrients, Fitzgerald offers a holistic photo and explicates the connections within the provide chain which are obscured within the present mode of meals creation. Bridging the gap in animal agriculture among creation, processing, intake, and their linked affects, this research envisions methods of redressing the unwanted effects of using animals as meals. It info how intake degrees and practices have replaced because the courting among creation, processing, and intake has shifted. because of the wide-ranging questions addressed during this booklet, the writer attracts on many fields of inquiry, together with sociology, (critical) animal reviews, historical past, economics, legislation, political technology, anthropology, criminology, environmental technological know-how, geography, philosophy, and animal technology.

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16 The Depression-­era policies of the federal government also facilitated the overproduction of some crops, particularly corn, soybean, and wheat, which was then compounded by the application of new scientific and technological developments that dramatically increased productivity per acre. Further, the government price supports gave farmers more money to reinvest in increasing productivity, notably through mechanization, chemical fertilizers, and hybrid seeds. Between 1925 and 1929, farms were producing on average 26 bushels of grain per acre.

66 Illustrative of this final goal, a | 20 Chapter 2 genetically modified pig, named Enviropig, was developed at the University of Guelph in Ontario, Canada, in conjunction with Ontario Pork, an industry trade group. The pig was developed to digest more phosphorus than standard pigs, therefore releasing less phosphorus in manure, which reduces the possibility of phosphorus contamination of the surrounding environment. ”68 In other words, they were afraid consumers would not buy the pork and it would not be profitable.

Industrial hog producers feed their pigs a blend of 80 percent corn and 17 percent soybean, and 54–­65 percent of their costs are feed. 3 million on average per year. The authors conclude that these subsidies create an unfair cost advantage for industrialized animal production over smaller, diversified farms raising animals in free-­range environments. The same is no doubt true of the cattle industry, but the authors do not offer an estimate of the implicit subsidy there. 56 In the long run, these recent agricultural policies have harmed instead of assisted farmers.

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