Army Architecture in the West: Forts Laramie, Bridger, and by Alison K. Hoagland

By Alison K. Hoagland

During the 19th century, the U.S. army equipped quite a few forts around the kingdom because it stationed a growing number of troops west of the Mississippi. while most folk take into consideration army forts within the American West, they think implementing strongholds, meccas of protection enclosed by means of excessive, palisaded partitions. This renowned view, in spite of the fact that, is way from reality.

In Army structure within the West, Alison ok. Hoagland dispels the parable that every one western forts have been uniform constructions of army may churned out in response to a grasp set of plans approved by way of military officers in Washington, D.C. in its place, by way of analyzing 3 exemplary Wyoming forts, Hoagland finds that largely various architectural designs have been used to build western forts.

With greater than a hundred and twenty illustrations, Army structure within the West deals a brand new means of utilizing structure to realize perception into the function of the military within the American West. through targeting the tangible is still of the army’s presence within the West, Hoagland offers a brand new imaginative and prescient of yank army history.

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Additional info for Army Architecture in the West: Forts Laramie, Bridger, and D. A. Russell, 1849-1912

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Historian Robert Utley cites 1881 as a typical year, in which the actual strength of a cavalry troop averaged 58, including 46 privates, and of an infantry company, 41, of which 29 were privates. With the 430 companies of the army spread to cover more than 200 posts, most Western posts had only 2 or 3 companies, or less than 100 men. 15 The best evidence of the low esteem in which the public held the army was the quality of architecture of the forts. Although the army had adopted a policy of fixed forts to accomplish its varied missions in the West, it did not have the support of Congress to furnish these forts in a manner that inspired pride in the troops and instilled fear in its enemies.

So, out of a dirty, muddy chrysalis of a winter camp, a poor little butterfly post is started. In another year, another munificent allowance of $10,000 is received or promised out of the barracks and quarters fund, and the cheap adornments of kalsomine [calcimine], whitewash and a little paint is indulged in. Source: Anderson, “Army Posts, Barracks and Quarters,” 421–422. the government purchased it for a military fort. The confluence of the North Platte and Laramie Rivers had been a site for a trading post since 1834, when Fort William, a wooden structure with high, palisaded walls, was established by Sublette & Campbell, a fur-trading company (fig.

Fort Bridger followed the standard convention of officers’ quarters along one side of a large parade ground, barracks on the two adjacent sides, and storehouse buildings on the fourth side. The parade ground measured 38 ■ OUTPOST: FORTS LARAMIE AND BRIDGER, 1849–1869 about 375 by 645 feet, but instead of being an open area suitable for the parade of mounted troops, it was traversed by a stream. The branch of Black’s Fork that crossed the parade ground provided fresh water and trout but detracted from the military atmosphere.

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