By Tony Hadland & Hans-Erhard Lessing & Nick Clayton & Gary W. Sanderson
The bicycle ranks as some of the most enduring, most generally used autos on this planet, with greater than one billion produced in the course of virtually 200 years of biking background. This publication deals an authoritative and complete account of the bicycle's technical and old evolution, from the earliest velocipedes (invented to fill the necessity for horseless delivery in the course of a scarcity of oats) to smooth racing motorcycles, mountain motorcycles, and recumbents. It lines the bicycle's improvement when it comes to fabrics, ergonomics, and motor vehicle physics, as performed by means of inventors, marketers, and manufacturers.
Written by way of best bicycle historians and generously illustrated with historical drawings, designs, and images, Bicycle Design describes the most important levels within the evolution of the bicycle, starting with the counterintuitive proposal of balancing on wheels in line, during the improvement of tension-spoked wheels, oblique drives (employing levers, pulleys, chains, and chainwheels), and pneumatic tires. The authors research the additional improvement of the bicycle for such particular reasons as racing, portability, and all-terrain use; they usually describe the evolution of bicycle parts together with seats, transmission, brakes, lighting (at first candle-based), and companies (racks, panniers, saddlebags, baby seats, and sidecars). they give thought to not just commercially winning designs but additionally advertisement mess ups that pointed how to destiny technological advancements. And they debunk a few myths approximately bicycles -- for instance, the incorrect yet often-cited concept that Leonardo sketched a chain-drive motorcycle in his notebooks. regardless of the bicycle's lengthy historical past and mass attraction, its technological background has been overlooked. This quantity, with its attractive and wide-ranging insurance, fills that hole. it is going to be the start line for all destiny histories of the bicycle.
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Extra resources for Bicycle design : an illustrated history
Lessing) and a Laufmaschine (Drais 1817c). Scale is in feet. 7 An isometric drawing of a draisine with options added (Lessing 2012). 8 An adjustable draisine of 1817 (Lessing 2003a). C hapter 1 V elocipedes and T heir Forerunners 15 The first bit of advice can be summarized as “steering into the undesired fall” (Meijaard et al. 2011). It utilizes centrifugal force to tilt the rider and the machine upright again. The advice on turning reminds us that in order to turn left on a single-track two-wheeler one must briefly steer to the right.
8 An adjustable draisine of 1817 (Lessing 2003a). C hapter 1 V elocipedes and T heir Forerunners 15 The first bit of advice can be summarized as “steering into the undesired fall” (Meijaard et al. 2011). It utilizes centrifugal force to tilt the rider and the machine upright again. The advice on turning reminds us that in order to turn left on a single-track two-wheeler one must briefly steer to the right. Drais speaks of leaning to the left, but with the hands on the tiller that is tantamount to steering to the right.
And if one has to climb a hill, this effort will not cause more tribulation than to mount a hill on foot. To screw the saddle up higher, I had a spanner made for me, such that tall and small people can operate this Laufmaschine. (Jaspar von Oertzen, chief administrative officer of the district Roggow in 1818 to his grand-duke Franz I. von Mecklenburg when presenting him with a Draisine. , draisine]) works out for me quite fair already. Daily I make a small commotion in the apartment and ride around through all rooms, until I shall dare once—being more experienced in the art—to go outdoors.